Sone Area Development

Sone is a interstate river emanating from holy Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh and after traversing a distance of 821 Kms. Through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar merges into holy river Ganga forming boarder of Bhojpur and Patna districts between Arra and Maner in Bihar. About 140 years old Sone Canal System of archaeological importance in Bihar, irrigating about a gross area of 22.50 lakhs in Sone command area of Bihar comprising seven districts, thrives on Sone waters.

A study cum awareness march was organised by Yugantar Bharti across river Sone from its origin point at Amarkantak to its submergence point in River Ganges near Maner. The journey began on August 26, 2010 and culminated on Sept 2, 2010 . The journey revealed the predicament of the river Sone due to the post plan development schemes formulated to utilise its water wealth by the union of India as well as respective co-basin states. Annual average water availability in the river is depleting and the industrial activities on the bank of the river and its tributaries are causing irreparable damages to the river ecology, aquatic biodiversity and agricultural practices within the river regime and its catchment.

Orient paper mill on its bank not only recurrently damages the aquatic biodiversity including fish world in the river but also remains closed for 2-3 months in the summer season. Upcoming mega thermal power complex in public as well as private sectors around the Sone river basin is proving another acute danger on the river mainstream and on some of its major tributaries such as Rihand causing deficient rain in around Singarauli areas at the boarder of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Water of the Rihand Reservoir here has been acutely polluted to the extent that the U.P. Administration has been forced to exhibit warning signals on its bank that the reservoir water is not worth human uses in any form. Impact of the pollution from the thermal power plants in the periphery of the reservoir is obvious and the pollution impact of the bra power plant is visible through naked eyes downwards in the Sone mainstream up to Chopan.

The danger on the century old Sone Canal System is also looming large because the share of its water reserved in the Rihand reservoir as per Bansagar Agreement is being unauthorisedly transferred to the thermal power plants in the vicinity of Rihand reservoir. It is causing recurring food production losses to the farmers, especially the tail enders, in the command areas of the canal system.